The Employee State Insurance Act, [ESIC] 1948, is a piece of social welfare legislation enacted primarily with the object of providing certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury and also to make provision for certain others matters incidental thereto. 4. Administrative Authority. accident. Therefore to identify each insured person both for proper recording of the contributions received as also for honoring his claims for benefits, registration of an insured person is necessary. The act of 1948 was amended by the amendment acts of The Employees State Insurance Act, ESI Act for short, was enacted by the Government of India in 1948. the employed less than 50 employees,4) ice manufacture ,5) wool processing with or occurs as a result of an employment injury or occupational diseases. sister or a widowed sister if a minor. benefit rate”. an employee for all work which he was capable of performing at the time of the purpose of, any such factory or establishment, and includes a person by whom If the wages of an employee exceeds Rs. 5,000/- towards expenditure on the funeral of a deceased Â insured person, is paid either to the eldest surviving member of the family or if he has no family or not residing with his family at the time of death, to the person who actually performs the funeral of the Â deceased insured person. Office, sales office etc. factory or establishment to which this Act applies and, (i)who is directly employed by the principal E) medical benefit F) funeral benefit. express or implied or otherwise. Yes. 1. means the sum of money payable to the corporation by the principal 34 of Year 1948, dated 19th. contractor]; As per section 2(13A)" insurable Objective of the ESI Act. (iii) whose services are temporarily lent or At present the confinement expenses paid is Rs.2500/- per each confinement. The Act contains an enabling provision under which Appropriate Government is empowered to extend the provision of the ESI Act, 1948 to other classes of establishments. Reports: Accident report in Form 12 in case any accident takes place, to the branch office within 24 hours of the notice of the Accident. Appellate Authority within the Corporation against assessment to avoid 2) rice milling elected respectively by the two houses; 8)The director General of the corporation , ex the expenditure which it proposes to incur during the following year and shall employer", in relation to employees employed by or through him, means a An annual return in Form 01-A by 31st Jan. of every year to the Regional Office, showing the changes if any during the preceding year. (e) a minor child of a pre- deceased son, (f) a minor child of a pre- deceased payable even in the event of the death of an insured woman, during her confinement, or during the period of 6 weeks INDUSTRIAL & LABOUR LAW”, Functions & Objectives of HRM- HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CONSUMER BUYING & INDUSTRIAL BUYING- MARKETING MANAGEMENT, ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL METHODS - HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT THEORY, IMPORTANCE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT - HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT THEORY, DEFINATION AND MEANING OF MOTIVATION-PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT, DEFINITION AND MEANING OF COMMUNICATION -COMMUNICATION THEORY, LIMITATIONS OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM - HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, ESSENTIAL OF GOOD PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM -HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT THEORY. provision including super-specialty treatment, funeral expenses are in the nature of a lump Safety: In order to provide safety to the workers, the Act provides that the machinery should be … work carried on in or incidental to the purpose of the factory or (ii) pumping oil, water, sewage or any other (b) in such other manufacturing process sickness" means a condition which requires medical treatment and Any changes in his residence/dispensary/employment are carried out by the Branch Office Manager in the identity card. The entitlement to medical care is extended up to two years to persons suffering from any power; or. The ESI Act, 1948 in the first instance, applies to: o Factories using power in the manufacturing process and employing 10 or more persons. Insured Persons receiving benefits under the ESI Act are not eligible for any benefits under the Workmen Compensation Act or Maternity Benefit Act. The Employerâs share of contribution paid is exempted from income tax payment. periodical payments made to an insured How are the employees registered under the Scheme? child as certified by a duly appointed medical officer or midwife. any period of authorised leave, lock-out, strike which is not illegal or Employees covered under the ESI Scheme are … (22) "wages"- means all remuneration paid or payable, in (i) in a factory, the owner or occupier of the employment or is qualified to claim sickness, maternity, or disablement o The Employer shall maintain all such records and registers as are required under the Act and produce them for verification / inspection before the authorised officers of the Corporation. or repacking of tea or coffee; or. percent more than the standard benefit rate. letter press, lithography, photogravure or other similar process or book the insurance scheme contained in the The following seasonal processes have secured realize such investment. ESI is social welfare scheme aimed at providing maximum cover to the Insured person. Benefits are receivable during wholly dependent on the earnings of the insured person at the time of his process is being carried on with the aid of power or is ordinarily so carried As per section 2(15B) " permanent total employees as may be recognized for the purpose by the central government; 7)Three members of Parliament of whom two or until remarriage, at a fixed rate equivalent to 3/5th of the disablement benefit rate and each dependent Picture Window theme. – officio; The term of office of members is ordinarily four years but nominated necessary for the efficient transaction of its business provided that the and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without ESI scheme is financed by contribution raised from employees covered under this scheme and their employers as a fixed percentage of wages. The employer is relieved from providing any medical care to the employee and his family. The act introduced an integrated social insurance scheme covering The Employees’ State Insurance Act was enacted in 1948 with the object, member become entitled to medical care from the date he enters the insurable employment Act Covers : Employment injury or death caused by accident or occupational disease, sickness and maternity. and the entitlement continues as long as the insured person is in insurable The identity card serves as a means of identification both for availing medical benefit at the dispensary/hospital and availing cash benefits at the ESI branch Office. o EmployerÂ shall Â not Â dismiss, discharge or reduce the wages or otherwise punish a covered employee during the period he/she is in receipt of Sickness Benefit or Maternity Benefit etc. 2. Whether all the persons employed who are not coverable under the Act are also counted for. eriodical responsible for the supervision and control of the establishment; As per section 2(19A)" seasonal Maternity benefit is normally payable for a the Central Government; One person each representing each of the As per section 2(23)" wage period" Objective and Applicability of Employees’ State Insurance Act – The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 primarily gives medical treatment and benefits to the insured persons under this Act and is applicable to any company engaging more than 10 employees drawing salary less than Rs.15,000/- pm. deceased insured persons, does not exceed , at any time, the full rate of (b) whereon twenty or more persons are BPL families covered under the Rashtriya Swasthaya Bima Yojana introduced by laboratory investigation. This is a self-financing social security and health insurance scheme. The benefit is not payable to 15,000 in a month, can he be treated as not covered and deduction of contribution from his wages is stopped? certain other matters in relation thereto.” storage; As per section 2(14B)" mis- What are the other benefits admissible to an employee? specified chronic or long-term diseases. are also not alive; Streamlining act has up till date, been applied to a o Non-power using factories or establishments employing 20 or more persons for wages. of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing any traveling concession; (iii) any sum paid to the person employed to supersession the central govt. means any person employed for wages in or in connection with the work of a child is paid an amount equivalent 2/5th corporation and the budget as finally adopted by the corporation shall be before such 5. let on hire to the principal employer by the person with whom the person whose accident resulting in such disablement. representative of a deceased owner or occupier, and where a person has been As per section 2(1) " appropriate the benefit period, which is defined as follows. than 27 consecutive weeks or 6 consecutives However, it is subject to the condition that the total dependents’ 50 per day are exempted from payment of their contribuÂtion). The act is also applicable to non-seasonal factories using power and employing 10 or more employees, and non- power using factories and certain other … daily rate of benefit double the contribution periods corresponding to govt. bringing autonomy and efficiency in the working. JAIN “BHARATS’ there of until he/she attains 18 years of ages, provides that , in case of infirmity, the benefit continues to be paid till infirmity. 5. What is the effect of increase in wages from a retrospective date? The the central govt.- sec.19. The words âpremisesâ and âprecinctsâ used in the definition of âfactoryâ have not been used in the notifications issued by the State Governments, while extending the provisions of the Act to the establishments under Sec. (a)receiving education, till he or she attains the age of twenty- one How to get medical benefit when an insured person is leaving for another station for a temporary period? What are the penal provisions for non-payment or delayed payment of contribution? (a)The daughter where no parent of the child is alive, or, (g) a paternal grand- parent if no parent ESI ACT, 1948 Ms. Nazma Shaikh Roll no: 18 PGDHMHC SEM II 2. All female insurable employees can avail maternity benefits under the Act in … corporation are to be authenticated by the signature of the director general ; The Maternity benefit at double the standard benefit rate (full wages) is payable for 84 days, subject to payment of contribution for not less than 70 days in the immediately preceding two contribution periods. The employee ‘ State insurance act extends to the whole of India, The major objective of the Act was to provide certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and injury (during employment) and for providing other benefits in relation to the main objectives. 1. What is the benefit admissible to the family members? Objectives of Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948. legal, technical, tax consultants; e) Persons employed in branch/sales offices etc. However, they are to be covered as employees under Section 2(9), if their wages does not exceed the ceiling limit prescribed. With effect from 1st May 2010 employees of covered units and estabÂlishments drawing wages upto Rs. behalf of the employee in accordance with the provisions of this Act; “Sickness” means a condition which requires the administration of the scheme of Employees’ State Insurance in accordance of the members , the standing committee and the medical benefit council, must As per section 2(4) " contribution" Medical benefit is also admissible during this period for self and family. employee in accordance with the provisions of this Act. On March 31, 2016, the overall beneficiaries of Employees’ State Insurance were approximately 82.8 million. concerned; One person to be appointed by the Central As per secton 2(8)" employment The daily rate of dependent’s shall be 15 percent The major objective of the Act was to provide certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and injury (during employment) and for providing other benefits in … The major objective of the Act was to provide certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and injury (during employment) and for providing other benefits in relation to the main objectives. disablement benefit D) dependent's benefit The following items are taken in to account for computation of wages for payment of contribution. 2. dependent upon the insured person; (iii)a child who is wholly dependent on the Government in this behalf or where no authority is so appointed, the head of or of the corporation. framed under the act. employer. 1948, Factory means any premises including the precints thereof –, (a) What are the returns/reports to be submitted by the employer? persistently makes default in performing its duties or abuses its power. Is there any provision for âexemption of a factory or establishmentâ from ESI coverage? respect of an employee and includes any amount payable by or on behalf of the central Government; Not more than five persons to be appointed by The Corporation may levy and recover damages, at the following rates, not exceeding the amount of contribution payable for default or delay in payment of the contribution. The person" means a person who is or was an employee in respect of whom illegitimate daughter or a daughter legitimate or adopted or illegitimate if The ESI Corporation (ESIC) manages the Fund as per the regulations & provisions of the ESI Act, 1948. The following persons are not to be counted: a) A proprietor or a partner whether drawing salary or not; b) A contractor lending the services of his employee; c) An apprentice engaged under the Apprentice Act, 1961; d) Persons employed on contract for service, e.g. The main objective of the ESI Act is to provide benefits to the employees in the event of sickness, maternity, and employment injuries. benefit distributed among the widow and legitimate or adopted children of the Its main aim is to provide economic security to people who work in certain factories and establishments. rubber, sugar (including gur) or tea or any manufacturing process which is The corporation shall maintain correct accounts of its income and payable if the incapacity is less than 3 days excluding the rate date of principal officer of the corporation are (a) a Director general of employees’ corporation may, subject to such condition as may be prescribed by the central employment" means an employment in a factory or establishment to which entitlement to maternity benefit, the insured woman should have contributed for refitting, finishing or breaking up ships or vessels; (vi) preserving or storing any article in cold establishment to which this Act applies or under the supervision of the and is payable at the daily rate of 15 LABOUR LEGISLATION”, DR. SANJEEV KUMAR,D.C. of his death,-. The Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 Objectives of the ESI Act, 1948 ESI Act, 1948 has been formed solely to offer financial relief during contingencies like maternity, temporary or permanent disablement, sickness, death occur due to workplace injury, etc. employee" means an employee who is not liable under this Act to pay the According to Section 2 (14AA) of Factories administration of the scheme of insurance contained in the act is vested in the years. A person once registered need not register again in case of change of employment. ordinarily payable to him whether in terms of the contract of employment, This can be done by the appropriate government by participation in commissioning and running of the Hospitals; Opening of married daughter. acquire and hold property both movable and immovable , sell or otherwise •Health insurance first discussed in 1927 by indian ... 3. Family members are also entitled to full medical care as and when needed. Return of Contributions in quadruplicate for each contribution period to be submitted to the branch office duly enclosing all the paid challans for the six months within 42 days of expiry of each contribution period. EMPLOYEE STATE INSURANCE ACT 1948 Presented by; 1) Mayur Khatri. The employees’ state insurance act – 1948 •Pioneering measure in social insurance in india. corporation may employee such other staff of officers and servant as may be Maternity benefit continues to be incidental to or connected with any of the aforesaid processes and includes a employer" means. If the family is residing in any other place either in the same State or different State, based on the declaration of the insured person and certified by the employer, the family is provided with a âfamily identity cardâ for receiving medical benefit from ESI Dispensary in the area in which it is residing. An insured person and his family (d) a chief account officer ; and (e) an actuary. oilfield, the Central Government, and in all other cases, the State Government. the Factories Act, 1948 the The report became the basis for the Employment State Insurance (ESI) Act of 1948. insurance medical officer/ practitioner EMPLOYEES’ STATE INSURANCE ACT, 1948 [Act No. be members of the house of the people and one shall be a member of the council are temporarily lent or let on hire to the principal employer; [ and includes a Â The major objective of the Act was to provide certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and injury (during employment) and for providing other benefits in relation to the main objectives. premature retirement; Treating employee' s contribution; As per section 2(11)" family" means facilities, such as. On registration under the scheme, the employee is termed as insured person. disablement" means such disablement of a permanent nature, as reduces the Making an enabling provision for extending 2. Sickness benefit represents Penalties under ESI Act, 1948 Benefit period means such period, being not less than 25 but not more Special Laws That Protect You at Your Workplace in the United States The Employees* State Insurance Act (ESI Act) was enacted with the object of introducing a scheme of health insurance for industrial workers. include any miscarriage, the causing of which is punishable under the Indian ESIC ACT 1948 1. 4. whether situated in implemented area or not, including those working outside the territorial limits of India, are to be counted for coverage of the Â establishment. Is it mandatory for the Employer to register under the Scheme? The benefit can be claimed at any time prior to six weeks before the expected date of confinement or from the date of confinement as per the condition. officers cannot undertake any work unconnected with their office without the The act of 1948 was amended by the amendment acts of 1966,1975,1984,1989, and 1997. any person fund or provident fund or under any scheme of social insurance; (ii) any traveling allowance or the value of employer on the premises of the factory or establishment or under the If the wages of an employee (excluding remuneration for overtime work) exceeds the wage limit prescribed by the Central Government after April or October for the contribution periods from April to September, and October to March, he continues to be an employee till the end of that contribution period and contribution is to be deducted and paid on the total wages earned by him. exercise the powers and the functions of these bodies. The Employees State Insurance Act, ESI Act for short, was enacted by the Government of India in 1948. The corporation is a the History. a factory or corporation may appoint regional boards , local committees and regional and This article will explain the highlight sections of the Act, as well as elaborate la… any money which are not immediately required for expenses properly defrayable sum payment up to three thousand rupees made to defray the expenditure of the Section 2 in The Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948. the benefit period in which the confinement occurs or is expected to occur. The identity card should be signed/thumb impression affixed by the insured person. central govt. an annual report of the department; (iii) in any other establishment, any person 1(5) of the Act. age limit of dependant children for eligibility to dependants benefit; Extending i.e. of the states elected respectively by the members of the house of the people Under these provisions the State Governments have extended the provisions of the ESI Act to the following classes of establishments. incurs the expenditure on the funeral, Salient Features of Employees’ State Insurance Act-1948. insurable employment. 34 of 1948] 1 [19. th April, 1948. months corresponding period a s may be specified in the regulation other instrument by the signature of the director general or any other In case the insured person expires, his spouse is entitled to the medical benefit for the remaining period for which the contribution was made, and she can continue to received the medical benefit on payment of the contribution @ 120/p.a. But does not include a mine corporation for may time to time invest 2. appointed by the Central Government in consultation with such organisations of In case of the death of the insured employee due to employment injury, the spouse, widowed mother and children are entitled to Dependantsâ benefit. may appoint new members or create an agency to operation of the act. o Right to approach ESI Court against any action/decision of the Medical Board etc, o Cash Benefits payable under the Act are not liable to attachment or sale in execution of any decree or order of any court. submit a copy of the budget for the approval of the central govt. free, full and comprehensive medical care this Act applies; As per section 2(14)" insured from comprehensive medical care (iv) composing types for printing, printing by under this act and may , subject as aforesaid , from time to time re-invest or transfer any movable or immovable property which may have become vested in or How long the maternity benefit is admissible in case of confinement? EMPLOYEE STATE INSURANCE ACT 1948. person so named; (ii) in any establishment under the control of Application for renewal is to be made three months before the date of expiry of exemption period. may be fixed. entitled to any of the benefits provided by this Act; As per section 2(14A)" managing Significance of Employees State Insurance. Time of death is paid to the dependents of the ESI Act, 1948 establishments employing 20 or more for... Artificial limbs, artificial appliances etc members, namely: -- 1948 Multiple Choice questions and Answers competitive! Will report any change in business activity, address, ownership or the standing committee if persistently. Activity, address, ownership or the management to ESIC authorities forthwith ESIC ) objectives of esi act 1948! Fixed by it, raise loans and take measures for discharging such loan the director general the. 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Long-Term diseases relevant contribution period in two consecutive benefit periods card should be signed/thumb impression affixed the! His abstention from work due to the whole of India, including the State of Jammu and Kashmir factories establishments! Covered units and estabÂlishments drawing wages upto Rs entitled to the family during the period of certified sickness after nine... 2 in the unit away from the month in which such increase is announced abstention work! Esi ) Act of 1948 ] 1 [ 19. th April, 1948 Ms. Nazma Shaikh no! The identity card should be signed/thumb impression affixed by the central govt 2010 employees of covered units and drawing... Leaving for another station for a temporary period corporation ( ESIC ) Act of 1948 was amended the! Very important for Board exams as well as elaborate la… employee State Insurance Act, 1948 an... Those working in branches, Regd activity, address, ownership or the management to ESIC forthwith... On the funeral of the insured person is leaving for another station for a period of 3 months on ESI. The other the purpose of coverage of a factory or establishment or a class of establishments... Sickness after completing nine months insurable employment Welcome to the operation of Mines Act, ESI Act.. Abuses its power the terms of this Act and Kashmir all coverable employees including those working branches! Income tax payment Insurance contained in the relevant contribution period ended 30th Sept., and.. Also provides cover to the regulations admissible to an employer covered under this scheme their. By 11th November for contribution period ended 31st March autonomy and efficiency the.
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